Cramp is a common disease, medically known as painful cramps, manifested as a group or several groups of muscles sudden, violent, involuntary contraction. Although cramp lasted only a few minutes, but after the onset of muscle discomfort or tenderness can last several hours. More common in the elderly gastrocnemius calf cramps, and often occurs at night when sleeping, continuous seizures affect sleep, reduced quality of life.
Clinically, most of them are seen in idiopathic cramps, mostly for the body meridians, or malabsorption caused by poor blood. But when suffering from certain diseases, increase the probability of occurrence of leg cramps, known as secondary leg cramps, such as a variety of muscle disease, peripheral neuropathy, anemia, uremia, diabetes, heart disease, thyroid disease, low magnesium, low calcium, potassium and so on. In addition, certain medications such as steroids, morphine, cimetidine, lowering blood pressure, diuretics, nifedipine, cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, psychotropic medication, such as lithium salts, can also induce secondary leg cramps.
Therefore, if cramps often occur for no reason, except to the hospital, careful diagnosis, but usually also from the aspect of eating and living to prevent cramps occur:
Adequate intake of trace elements. Drink milk and salt, cashews, walnuts essential: You must eat more calcium foods, including milk, eggs, dairy products such as cheese, cheese, dried fish and calcium; should eat more magnesium foods, including white and black sesame seeds, cashews, walnuts, shellfish and seafood shrimp and a variety of legumes; eat more vitamin C, E foods: West Indian cherry, lemon, orange, oranges, grapefruit, pomelos, grapefruit and kiwi, and green peppers, spinach, bok choy, spinach and other dark green vegetables are rich in vitamin C; addition, nuts, almonds, cashew nuts, whole grains, etc., then containing large amounts of vitamin E, for the prevention of cramps have some help.
Exercise for half an hour a day. Suggested a systemic aerobic exercise, like brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, jumping rope, and gymnastics; Also, do not exercise ordinary day, but focus only on holidays excessive exercise, sudden movement is more likely to occur cramps, The warm-up before exercise to work for, in order to prevent cramps during exercise